Pertussis vaccine

Pertussis vaccine

Vaccine pertussis

@Pertussis vaccine

Diphtheria What is diphtheria? The dangers associated with diphtheria come from the toxin released by the bacterium, Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The toxin makes it difficult for children to breathe and swallow, but it also attacks the heart, kidneys and nerves. Incidence of diphtheria In the 1920s, diphtheria was a common cause of death in children and adolescents. At its peak, about 150,000 cases of diphtheria occurred in the United States every year.

The diphtheria vaccine, first used in the United States in the early 1940s, has virtually eliminated the disease. Now we see fewer than two cases a year. Outbreaks still...

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One dose of Tdap vaccine should be administered in every pregnancy, ideally between 27 and 32 weeks of gestation. Significant revisions since the last chapter update are highlighted in the Epidemiology Disease description Infectious agent Pertussis whooping cough is caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis.

Transmission Pertussis is highly communicable, with high attack rates among susceptible household contacts. Parents primarily mothers and siblings are an important source of pertussis transmission to young infants. Transmission is less likely from vaccinated cases and to vaccinated contacts.

Pertussis is usually transmitted by the respiratory route through contact with respiratory droplets; indirect spread through...

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